Ivel Valley

Early Years & KS1

We recognise that children in the early stages of development learn best through play and experience.

To that end we believe that the Ivel Valley Framework, which incorporates the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum, and teaching approaches are best suited to all children in the Early Years and Key Stage One. 

Children in the Early Years and Key Stage One are educated together in a separate unit to the main school. They are split into separate classes at points during their day, however, the Ivel Valley approach is distinct from many other schools in that the children in EYs & KS1 learn through free flow play across the unit’s classrooms and purpose built outdoor learning environment.

We use the Ivel Valley framework which incorporates the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum (click here for the framework) in Early Years and Key Stage 1 as it is the most developmentally appropriate curriculum for children in the early stages of their learning.

The Early Years and Key Stage One curriculum is divided into eight Areas of Learning, which is then sub-divided into aspects.

Aspects of Learning and Development

The table below shows the individual aspects of each area of learning and development.

Area of Learning and DevelopmentAspect
Prime Areas
Personal, Social and Emotional DevelopmentMaking Relationships
Managing feelings & behaviour
Self-confidence & self-awareness
Physical Development
Physical knowledge and skills
Communication and LanguageListening and Attention

Life and Living Skills


Environment and Community
Health and Self-care
Household Tasks
Specific Areas
Reading – Understanding
Shape, space and measure
Understanding the WorldPeople and Communities
The World
Expressive Arts and DesignBeing Imaginative
Exploring and Using Media & Materials

The Areas of Learning are delivered through half termly topics which rotate on a three year cycle.

Curriculum Overview



We use the following phonics schemes in Key Stage 1: